"Because of Florida Eye's
treatment of my chronic Dry
Eye, I am able to enjoy
being outdoors."


At Florida Eye Specialists and Cataract Institute, we treat many patients for Dry Eye – a common condition that occurs when the eyes are insufficiently moisturized, leading to itching, redness and pain from dry spots on the surface of the eye. Our specialists are highly experienced in diagnosing and treating this condition.

Dry Eye is also described by the medical term, keratitis sicca, which means decreased quality or quantity of tears. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca refers to eye dryness affecting both the cornea (the clear focusing portion of the front surface of the eye where light enters) and the conjunctiva (the thin, moist membrane that covers the white of the eye).

Patients often experience irritating symptoms and can suffer from more serious vision damage if this condition is left untreated. It is important for patients with this condition to take special care of their eyes in order to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications. Your specialist can diagnose this condition after a thorough evaluation of your eye and tear production using a Schirmer tear test.

Dry Eye Symptoms:

  • Stinging, scratching or burning sensation
  • Irritation from smoke or wind
  • Eye fatigue
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses
  • Excessive tearing
  • Stringy mucus in or around your eyes
  • Eye redness
  • Sensation of having something in your eyes
  • Difficulty with nighttime driving
  • Watery eyes
  • Blurred vision

Appointment Request


People usually begin experiencing symptoms as they age, but the condition can also result from certain medications, conditions or injuries. This condition tends to affect women more often than men, as the hormonal changes that take place during pregnancy, menopause and from using oral contraceptives can affect the consistency of tears. It is also more common in people over the age of 50. Other causes may include:

  • Medications such as antihistamines, decongestants, blood pressure medications and antidepressants
  • Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, lupus, ocular rosacea, Sjogren’s syndrome or thyroid problems
  • Environmental conditions such as smoke, wind and dry climates
  • Long-term contact lens use
  • Refractive surgery

Recent studies have shown that this syndrome is more prevalent in larger cities, and higher among office computer users. It is estimated that 48% of adult Americans regularly experience symptoms, which includes difficulty in reading.

Our natural tears require a certain chemical balance in order to efficiently moisturize the eyes. Tears consist of three essential components, each produced by a different gland:

  • The outer, oily lipid component – produced by meibomian glands in the eyelids
  • The middle, watery, lacrimal component – produced by lacrimal glands located above the outer corner of the eyes
  • The innermost component, consisting of mucous or mucin – produced by goblet cells in the conjunctiva
  • Each component serves a critical purpose. Tear lipids, for example, prevent evaporation and increase lubrication, while mucins help anchor the tears to the ocular surface. A problem with any of those sources can result in tear instability, the frequency or consistency of tears, and dry eyes.

Based on the most recent research, contact lens wear can contribute to Dry Eyes. This syndrome can make your contact lenses feel uncomfortable, and evaporation of moisture from contact lenses worsens the symptoms. At Florida Eye Specialists and Cataract Institute, we can recommend newer contact lens materials and lens care products to help reduce contact lens dryness.


Dry Eye is not only painful; it can also damage the eye’s tissues and impair vision. Fortunately, at Florida Eye Specialists and Cataract Institute, we have many treatment options available to help relieve symptoms and restore health back to your eyes to ensure clear vision and long-term health.

One of our specialists will recommend treatment depending on the cause and severity of your condition, as well as your overall health and personal preference. At Florida Eye Specialists and Cataract Institute, we have had success from non-surgical treatments, increasing humidity at home or work, and use of artificial tears or moisturizing ointment. Prescription eye drops are also available to increase tear production by helping your body reduce inflammation.

Treating the underlying cause of Dry Eyes can also help relieve the symptoms. If these methods don’t produce the desired results, we have other surgical options.

A new groundbreaking treatment option makes use of the latest technology, the M22 Optima™ IPL machine. The M22 Optima™ IPL machine uses light to break up the hardened oils that are preventing necessary tears from being produced.


There are certain steps you can take to prevent symptoms, which are especially useful for those at an increased risk. Simple life modifications such as keeping a humidifier at home or at work, wearing glasses on windy days, giving your eyes a break during reading or other strenuous tasks and avoiding smoking can all effectively reduce the frequency and severity of symptoms.

We also sometimes recommend special nutritional supplements for Dry Eyes, as studies have found that supplements containing omega-3 fatty acids can decrease symptoms, as well as flaxseed oil. Drinking more water can help, too, as mild dehydration often makes problems worse. This is especially true during hot, dry and windy weather.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, let one of the specialists at Florida Eye Specialists and Cataract Institute give you a complete vision checkup for this common condition.

This quiz is a great start to finding out your Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) and will allow us to have a better understanding of your condition. We have several different treatment options available!

Dry Eye
Self Evaluation Quiz